“What’s New” at Darwin Online (in the last year)

It’s been almost a year since I last shared what has been added to The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. Well, a lot has been added in the last year. Enjoy:

2011, 09.02

Darwin’s referee reports reproduced by the kind permission of the Geological Society of London:

Darwin, C. R. Referee report on Williams, On the raised beaches in Barnstaple. (3.1837) Text & imageGeolSoc-COM-P4.2.216 

Darwin, C. R. Referee report on Forchhammer, Changes of level in Denmark. (10.1837) Text & imageGeolSoc-COM-P4.2.65

Darwin, C. R. Referee report on Austen, Limestones of Devonshire. (9.1838) Text & image GeolSoc-COM-P4.2.8

Darwin, C. R. Referee report on Clarke, Shower of ashes. (1.1840) Text & image GeolSoc-COM-P4.2.38

Darwin, C. R. Referee report on Chatfield, earthquake at San Salvador. (11.1840) Text & image GeolSoc-COM-P4.2.35

Darwin, C. R. Referee reports on Newbold, Rock basins; Phillips on caves, elephant bones and pumice; and Hunt on an earthquake. (10.1842). Text & image GeolSoc-COM-P4.2.130

The geological diary continues in Chili:

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chili. (2-6.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR36.447-451

2011, 08.22

Courtesy the Huntington Library, San Marino, California:

Syme, Patrick. 1821. Werner’s nomenclature of colours with additions, arranged so as to render it highly useful to the arts and sciences… 2d ed. Edinburgh: William Blackwood. Text Image PDF A704

2011, 08.16

Darwin, C. R. [list of specimens collected, numbered 1801-1830] / Passage of Animals & upheaval. Text & image CUL-DAR34.129-130

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: [Valdivia] New form[ation] Sandstones (like 2576 rather harder) ferruginous acicular. [2.1835] Text & image CUL-DAR35.351-353

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: [Concepcion March 1835] Fort Galvez. [3.1835] Text & image CUL-DAR35.354-356

2011, 08.11

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chili. Text & image CUL-DAR36.438-444

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Douglass states that the Cordilleras about the Estero de Reloncavi. [nd] Text & image CUL-DAR36.445-446

Two more items on Darwin from Cuba courtesy of Luis Ernesto Martínez González:

Torre y Huerta, Carlos de la. 1880. Breve exposicion del Darwinismo. El Club de Matanzas No. 12 (16 May): 90-91. TextA712

Anon. 1882. Carlos Darwin. El Club de Matanzas No. 11 (16 June): 88. Text A713

2011, 08.10

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chili. (2-6.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR36.429-435

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chili (appendix). (2-6.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR36.436-437

Darwin, C. R. [Notes on children]. Text CUL-DAR210.11.38

2011, 08.09

A newly discovered Darwin publication/letter!

Darwin, C. R. 1874. [Letter of thanks to the Entomological Society of France]. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France (Ser. 5) 4: xlvi. Text Image PDF F2127

Anon. 1847. [Review of] Geological observations made during the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. British Quarterly Review 5: 358-387. TextA680

2011, 06.24

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Valparaiso. (1834-1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.371-376

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chili. [1834-1836] Text & image CUL-DAR35.377-418

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chili. [3 1834] Text & image CUL-DAR36.419

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Valparaiso (appendix to p. 47). (2.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR36.420-422

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Examined with Mr Alison shells on Hills [Valparaiso]. [2.1835] Text & image CUL-DAR36.424

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Valparaiso. Elevation land. (3.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR36.428

2011, 06.21

Wyhe, John van. 2007. A Darwin manuscript at Christ’s College. Christ’s College Magazine no. 232, pp. 66-8. Text A577

2011, 06.15

Anon. Tomando tierra en el fondo de la Bahía de San José. (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR34.10-11 Transcribed and translated by Austin Whittall and Sergio Zagier.

2011, 06.09

Anon. 1839. [Birth of William Erasmus Darwin]. The Times (30 December): 8. Text A677

Anon. 1842. Deaths. [Mary Eleanor Darwin]. The Times (19 October): 7. Text A678

[Darwin, C. R.] 1851. Died [Anne Elizabeth Darwin]. The Times (28 April): 9. Text F1999

Anon. 1858. Deaths. [Charles Waring Darwin]. The Times (28 June): 1. Text A679

2011, 06.01

A newly discovered Darwin publication/letter!

Darwin, C. R. 1875. [Letter on animal tails.] in R. L. Tait, The uses of tails in animals. Hardwicke’s Science Gossip 11, no. 126 (1 June): 126-127, p. 127. Text Image F2126

Lawson Taint Lawson Tait

2011, 05.27

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Concepcion. (3.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.357-370

2011, 05. 24

Richter, Hanns. 1882. Hanns Richter bei Darwin. Signale für die musikalische Welt [Leipzig] 4, No., 32 (May): 497-499. Text A520

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Valdivia. (2.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.343-346

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Baldivia. (2.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.347

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Niebla Fort. [2.1835] Text & image CUL-DAR35.348-349

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: The Cliffs are continued up to the Altos of old Tucapel. [2.1835] Text & image CUL-DAR35.350

2011, 05.19

Darwin, C. R. [Notes on the geology and corals of Keeling Islands]. [4.1836] Text & image CUL-DAR41.40-57
Transcribed and edited by Alistair Sponsel
.

2011, 05.18

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Lowes Harbor. (1.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.319-327

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Lacuy Peninsula. (1.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.331-340

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chiloé. (1-2.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.341-342

Richter, Hans. 1882. [English translation of recollection of Darwin in 1881]. In Otto Zacharias, 1882. Charles R. Darwin und die culturhistorische Bedeutung seiner Theorie vom Ursprung der Arten, pp. 5-6. Translated for Darwin Online by Anders Hansson. TextA673

Hooker, W. J. 1837-1922. Icones plantarum or figures, with brief descriptive characters and remarks, of new or rare plants, selected from the author’s herbarium. London. Text A672

2011, 05.13

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Archipel: of Chiloe. (11.1834-2.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.288-303

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Peninsula of Lacuy. (1.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.304

Darwin, C. R. [geological diagrams, watercoloured, Chiloe]. Text & image CUL-DAR35.307-309

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Lacuy. (1.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.310-318

2011, 05.05-12

Colour scans of a newly discovered Darwin publication courtesy of J. David Archibald:

Darwin, C. R. 1841. On the distribution of the erratic boulders and on the contemporaneous unstratified deposits of South America. The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, Ser. 3, 19: 536-541. (Reprint of F1657) Image F1657a

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: [Valparaiso] Rock about the town generally gneiss. (7.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR35.218-226

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: [list of geological specimens collected numbered 230-295] Text & image CUL-DAR35.227-229

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Valparaiso / Hills behind Town (calculations of heights). (7.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR35.230

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Elevation of the plain of the Plazilla (calculations). Text & image CUL-DAR35.231

Eck, F. W, Height of various places in Chili ascertained by Barometrical admeasurement. [9.1834] Text & image CUL-DAR35.232

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chonos and Tres Montes. [12.1834-1.1835] Text & imageCUL-DAR35.233-258

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Port St Andrew – Cape Harbor. (12.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR35.259-266

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Huafo. (1.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.267

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: “Former Lemoos.” — Jan. 6th [1835]. — Lat 44°: 30′. Text & image CUL-DAR35.268-269

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: East end of other Island. (12.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR35.270-271

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: First of Chonos Islands (Midship Bay). Text & image CUL-DAR35.272-273

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: A[nna] Pink Harbor. (1.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.274-276

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Anna Pink Harbor / Patch Cove. (12.1834-1.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.277-285

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Dark Harbor. (12.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR35.286-287

Darwin, C. R. A river is a string of water – some parts thick & moving slow – others. (12.1838) Text & image CUL-DAR40.54

Darwin, C. R. It may be suspected from correlation in range of cleavage with lines of disturbance. (11.1843) Text & image CUL-DAR42.55

Darwin, C. R. Cross cleavage & conversion of clayslate in gneiss show that original cleavage planes determine mineralogical planes.Text & image CUL-DAR42.61

Darwin, C. R. I may also remark that generally where the cleavage of the Mica Slates is not well developed. Text & image CUL-DAR42.77

Darwin, C. R. When writing on Cleavage refer to p. 37 of Hopkins abstract memoir. Text & image CUL-DAR42.79

Darwin, C. R. Before writing cleavage remarks read over whole Chapter & Sedgwicks Paper. Text & image CUL-DAR42.80

Darwin, C. R. The line of the outer Coast runs about W 40° N – parallel to cleavage. Text & image CUL-DAR42.194

Darwin, C. R. St Helena model. (9.1838) Text & image CUL-DAR44.30[.1]

2011, 04.18

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: At C. Espirito Santo, high cliffs commence. Text & image CUL-DAR34.194-195

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: From S of St Sebastian to St Pauls head. Text & image CUL-DAR34.196

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: very strongly: this elevation probably choked up C. Negro Isthmus. [1834] Text & image CUL-DAR34.197-198

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: The Andes created all S. America. [Chiloe] (6.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.199-200

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chiloe. June-July. 1834. Text & image CUL-DAR34.201-205

2011, 04.15

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: C. Virgins. (1.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.186-187

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Magdalen Island & Cape Negro. (1-2.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.188-189

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: East coast of T. del Fuego & Sts of Magellan. Text & image CUL-DAR34.190-191

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Cape Virgins. (5.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.192

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: most curiously convoluted & mingled with the surrounding substance (5.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.193

2011, 04.12-14

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Chiloé. (7.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR35.206-217 Transcribed by Clare Ring and Kees Rookmaaker

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: T: del Fuego (appendix). (11.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR34.177-178

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: The more I reflect on Stratification & Cleavage the more difficulties I find. Text & image CUL-DAR34.179-180

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Bay. N. of Orange bay. Text & image CUL-DAR34.181-182

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Gregory Bay. (5.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.183

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: North of Wollaston Island. (1-2.1833) Text & image CUL-DAR34.184-185a

New colour images, courtesy of J. David Archibald, of the following:

Darwin, C. R. 1871. A new view of Darwinism. Nature 4 (6 July): 180-181. Text Image PDF F1754

Darwin, C. R. 1871. Pangenesis. Nature 3 (27 April): 502-503. Text Image PDF F1751

Darwin, C. R. 1872. [Memorial to Gladstone] Mr. Ayrton and Dr. Hooker. Nature 6 (11 July): 211-216. Text Image PDF F1937

Darwin, C. R. 1872. Bree on Darwinism. Nature 6 (8 Aug.): 279. Text Image PDF F1756

Darwin, C. R. 1873. Inherited instinct. Nature 7 (13 Feb.): 281. Text Image PDF F1757

Darwin, C. R. 1873. Perception in the lower animals. Nature 7 (13 March): 360. Text Image PDF F1759

Darwin, C. R. Origin of certain instincts. Nature 7 (3 April): 417-418. Text Image PDF F1760

Darwin, C. R. 1876. Cherry blossoms. Nature 14 (11 May): 28. Text Image PDF F1772

Darwin, C. R. 1876. Sexual selection in relation to monkeys. Nature 15 (2 Nov.): 18-19. Text Image PDF F1773

Darwin, C. R. 1877. [Memorial] Zoology of the ‘Challenger’ Expedition. Nature 16 (14 June): 118. Text Image PDFF2003

Darwin, C. R. 1877. The contractile filaments of the teasel. Nature 16 (23 Aug.): 339. Text Image PDF F1778

Darwin, C. R. 1877. [Letter of thanks.] In Harting, P., Testimonial to Mr. DarwinEvolution in the Netherlands.Nature 15 (8 March): 410-412. Text Image PDF F1776

Darwin, C. R. 1879. [Extract from a letter to Grant Allen]. In Allen, G., Colour in nature. Nature 19 (24 April): 581. Text Image PDF F2004

Darwin, C. R. 1879. Fritz Müller on a frog having eggs on its back – on the abortion of the hairs on the legs of certain caddis-flies, &c. Nature 19 (20 March): 462-463. Text Image PDF F1784

Darwin, C. R. 1879. Rats and water-casks. Nature 19 (27 March): 481. Text Image PDF F1785

Darwin, C. R. 1880. Black sheep. Nature 23 (30 Dec.): 193. Text Image PDF F1790

Darwin, C. R. 1880. The sexual colours of certain butterflies. Nature 21 (8 Jan.): 237. Text Image PDF F1787

Darwin, C. R. 1881. [Letter to Mrs. Emily Talbot on the mental and bodily development of infants]. Nature 24 (13 October): 565. Text Image PDFF1797

Darwin, C. R. 1880. Fertility of hybrids from the common and Chinese goose. Nature 21 (1 Jan.): 207. Text Image PDF F1786

Darwin, C. R. 1880. The Omori shell mounds. Nature 21 (15 April): 561. Text Image PDF F1788

Darwin, C. R. 1880. Sir Wyville Thomson and natural selection. Nature 23 (11 Nov.): 32. Text Image PDF F1789

Darwin, C. R. The movements of leaves. Nature 23 (28 April): 603-604. Text Image PDF F1794

Darwin, C. R. 1881. Inheritance. Nature 24 (21 July): 257. Text Image PDF F1795

Darwin, C. R. 1881. The parasitic habits of Molothrus. Nature 25 (17 Nov.): 51-52. Text Image PDF F1798

Darwin, C. R. 1881. Movements of plants. Nature 23 (3 March): 409. Text Image PDF F1791

Darwin, C. R. 1881. Leaves injured at night by free radiation. Nature 24 (15 Sept.): 459. Text Image PDF F1796

Darwin, C. R. 1882. On the dispersal of freshwater bivalves. Nature 25 (6 April): 529-530. Text Image PDF F1802

Darwin, C. R. 1882. The action of carbonate of ammonia on chlorophyll-bodies. [Read 6 March] Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Botany)19: 262-284. Text Image PDF F1801

2011, 04.01

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: S. Cruz. (4-5.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.131-150

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: S. Cruz / Transportal of Gravel. Text & image CUL-DAR34.151-152

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Port Famine. (6.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.153-156

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: E. Coast of T. del Fuego. (5.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.157-176

Darwin, C. R. Sulivans outside deep soundings. Text & image CUL-DAR41.53-56

Darwin, C. R. [Hobart Town field notes]. (2.1836) Text & image CUL-DAR40.97-99

Darwin, C. R. [Hobart Town field notes]. (2.1836) Text & image CUL-DAR40.100-101

2011, 03.25

The complete text of one of the most influential books Darwin ever read, Humboldt’s Personal narrative, with a new Introduction by Gordon Chancellor:

Humboldt, A. von. 1819-1829. Personal narrative of travels to the equinoctial regions of the New Continent, during the years 1799-1804. By Alexander de Humboldt, and Aimé Bonpland; with maps, plans, &c. written in French by Alexander de Humboldt, and trans. into English by Helen Maria Williams. 7 vols. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown.
Vols. 1&2 Text Vol. 3 Text Vol. 4 Text Vol. 5 I Text, Vol. 5 II Text, Vol. 6 I Text, Vol. 6 II Text Vol. 7 Text

Introduction by Gordon Chancellor

Also some of Darwin’s reading notes on Humboldt published for the first time:

Darwin, C. R. [Humboldt] Personal narrative vol 6. Text & image CUL-DAR40.84

Darwin, C. R. [Humboldt] `Superposition’. Text & image CUL-DAR41.73

Darwin, C. R. Humboldt Personal narrative VII: 52. Text & image CUL-DAR42.100

Darwin, C. R. Humboldt Personal narrative VI: 586, 25; Notebook RN pp 84, 105, 124. Text & image CUL-DAR42.117v

Darwin, C. R. Humboldt Personal narrative IV: 384. Text & image CUL-DAR42.162

Darwin, C. R. and Emma Darwin. Humboldt Personal narrative IV: 515-522, 416. Text & image CUL-DAR85.A72

Darwin, C. R. Humboldt Personal narrative vol. 4: 527. Text & image CUL-DAR189.130

2011, 03.24

Darwin, C. R. [Coquimbo notes]. (5.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR39.152

Darwin, C. R. In every case first inclination (blue water) to about 20-30 fathoms. Text & image CUL-DAR41.51

Darwin, C. R. Mr Sulivan. than in some the narrow channels between the smaller islands. Text & image CUL-DAR41.52

Atkins, Hedley. 1976. Down: the home of the Darwins; the story of a house and the people who lived there. London: Royal College of Surgeons [Phillimore]. Text A668

Wyhe, John van. 2009. Darwin vs God. BBC History Magazine 10, No. 1 (January): 26-31. Text PDF A669

2011, 03.14-16

Porter, Duncan M. 1999. Charles Darwin’s Chilean plant collections. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 72: 181-200. Text F2214Courtesy of the Sociedad de Biología de Chile.

Darwin, C. R. On the Banda Oriental side near to the dos Hermanas. (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR42.140

Darwin, C. R. Limestone with lead ore: Maldonado. (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR42.141

2011, 03.11

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Santa Cruz. (4.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.122-124

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Port Famine. (2.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.125-128

Darwin, C. R. (details of soundings taken). (5.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.118-119

Darwin, C. R. [Santa Cruz calculations]. [4-5.1834] Text & image CUL-DAR34.120-121

2011, 03.10

Darwin, C. R. 1873. Mr. Darwin on primroses, cowslips, and oxlips. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 3 (31 May): 416-417. [Extracts from F1744] Image A660

[Robinson, W.] 1874. Darwinism again. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 6 (15 August): 163. ImageA661

Anon. 1875. [Notice of publication of Insectivorous plants and Climbing Plants.] Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 7 (23 January): 62. Text Image A663

A. M. 1875. [Review of] Insectivorous plants. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 8 (24 July): 63-65.Image A664

Darwin, C. R. 1875. Movements of climbing plants. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 8 (18 December): 532-533. [Extracts from F836]. Image A665

[Robinson, W.] 1876. Charles Darwin. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 8 (Supplement, 1 January): xi-xii, plate [frontispiece portrait]. Text Image A662

Darwin, C. R. 1876. Mr. Darwin on the strawberry [extracts from Variation]. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 10 (29 July): 115-116. Image A666

Fish, D. T. 1882. [Obituary] Charles Darwin. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 21 (29 April): 302.Text Image A667

2011, 03.09

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Valley of S Cruz. (4.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.104-111

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Attempt to find general inclination of the bottom of the sea off the coast of Patagonia. Text & imageCUL-DAR34.112

Darwin, C. R. [list of specimens collected, numbered 1948-1997]. [4-5.1834] Text & image CUL-DAR34.113-114

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Hypothesis / S Cruz. [4-5.1834] Text & image CUL-DAR34.115-117

2011, 03.08

Carlyle, Thomas. 1853. [Recollection of Darwin] Letter to John A. Carlyle, 10 March 1853. In Carlyle, A. ed. 1904. New letters of Thomas Carlyle. 2 vols. London: John Lane, vol. 2: 145-46. Text A651

Green, John Richard. 1860. [Recollection of Darwin] Letter to W. Boyd Dawkins, 3 July 1860. In Stephen, L. ed. 1901. Letters of John Richard Green. London: Macmillan, pp. 43-45. Text A653

Macauley, Thomas Babington. 1856. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Trevelyan, G. O. ed. 1876. The life and letters of Lord Macaulay, 2 vols. London: Longmans, Green, vol. 2, pp. 403-4. Text A652

Galton, Francis. [1859-1882]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Galton, F. 1909. Memories of my life. New York: Dutton, pp. 287-88, 169. TextA656

Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. [1855]. [Recollections of Darwin]. In Richardson, E. W. 1916. A veteran naturalist, being the life and work of W.B. Tegetmeier. London: Witherby, pp. 101-2, 111-12. Text A658

James, Henry. [1869]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Dupee, F. W. ed. 1956. Autobiography: A small boy and others, notes of a son and brother, the middle years. New York: Criterion Books, p. 515. Text A659

2011, 03.07

Darwin, C. R. 1882. The various contrivances by which orchids are fertilised by insects. 2d ed., revised. 3d thousand. London: John Murray. Text F803

2011, 03.04

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Falkland Islands. [3.1833] Text & image CUL-DAR34.65-73

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Re-examination of the transition fully confirms very thing I then said. Text & image CUL-DAR34.74-75

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Observations on the bottom of the sea between the Falkland Islands & St. Cruz. (4.1834-1.1835) Text & image CUL-DAR34.87-92

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Barometrical Obser: for measurement of Valley of St. Cruz. (4-5.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.93-98

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Valley of S Cruz. (4.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.99

Owen, Richard. 1849. On parthenogenesis, or the successive production of procreating individuals from a single ovum. London: John Van Voorst. Text A649

2011, 03.01-03

Darwin, C. R. ‘Osborn `Quedah’ p. 199′ [8.1859] Text & image CUL-DAR195.1.38

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Elevations of Patagonia. (5.1834) Text & image CUL-DAR34.40-60

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Elevations on coast of Patagonia. Text & image CUL-DAR34.61-64

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Recalculation of Port Desire plains. [1.1834] Text & image CUL-DAR34.35-35a

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: [geological specimens 1625-1692, descriptions]. [nd] Text & image CUL-DAR34.36-39

2011, 02.07-22

Wyhe, John van. 2010. ‘Almighty God! what a wonderful discovery!’: Did Charles Darwin really believe life came from space?Endeavour 34, no. 3, (September): 95-103. Text A690

[Titheridge, Philip]. 1981. The Charles Darwin memorial at Down House, Downe, Kent. Text A691

Darwin, C. R. [Notes on Wallace’s Island life]. [11.1880] Text & image NHM-WP6.4.1 Courtesy of the Natural History Museum (London).
Introduction by John van Wyhe
This document contains a previously unpublished remark on Darwin’s feelings about the Galapagos Islands near the end of his life.

Darwin, C. R. 1839. Journal of researches into the geology and natural history of the various countries visited by H.M.S. Beagle. London: Henry Colburn. Image PDF F11
Courtesy of The National Library of Norway.

Darwin, C. R. 1884. The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species. 3d thousand. Preface by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. Text F1281

Four publications in Spanish by Cuban writer and politician José Martí (1853-1895) edited by Luis Ernesto Martínez González:

Marti, José. 1881. [Report of Darwin on ants]. La Opinión Nacional Caracas (21 December): 1. Text A648

Marti, José. 1882. [English newspapers on Darwin’s Earthworms]. La Opinión Nacional Caracas (2 January): 1. Text A647

Marti, José. 1882. [Obituary of Darwin] Darwin ha muerto. La Opinión Nacional Caracas (17 May): 1. Text Image A645

Marti, José. 1882. [The Saturday Review on Darwin’s life]. La Opinión Nacional Caracas (2 June): 3. Text A646

2011, 01.06-26

Darwin, C. R. Down House notebook 1.1Text EH1.1 [English Heritage 88202321]

Rookmaaker, Kees. 2009. Chronological register. In G. Chancellor and J. van Wyhe eds. with K. Rookmaaker. Charles Darwin’s notebooks from the voyage of the Beagle. Cambridge: University Press, pp. 570-582. Text

Anon. 1836-7. [Reports of Darwin’s communications read to the Cambridge Philosophical Society 1835-7]. The London and Edinburgh philosophical magazine and journal of science 8, no. 43 (January 1836): 79, 80; 10, no. 61 (April 1837): 316. Text A644

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Rio Negro. (1833) Text & image CUL-DAR34.17-24

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Salinas. (1833) Text & image CUL-DAR34.25-26

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Salitrales (1833) Text & image CUL-DAR34.27-28

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Port Desire. Text & image CUL-DAR34.29-34

Hughes, C. L. ‘Memoranda for Mr C. Darwin’. (11.1832) Text & image CUL-DAR34.14-15

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Good Success Bay. (12.1832) Text & image CUL-DAR34.16

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: ‘Scattered facts communicated to me by different people’. (11.1832) Text & image CUL-DAR34.12-13

Darwin, C. R. 1970. [Recollection of and letters to de Vries]. In Peter W. van der Pas. The correspondence of Hugo de Vries and Charles Darwin. Janus 57: 173-213. Text F2106

Darwin, C. R. [Correspondence with Romanes, 1875-1881]. In Romanes ed., 1908. The life and letters of George John Romanes. 6th impression. London: Longmans. Text F2111

Barlow, Nora. 1935. Charles Darwin and the Galapagos Islands. Nature 136 (7 September): 391. Text F2112

Lankester, E. R. 1896. [Recollections of Darwin]. In ‘Charles Robert Darwin’. In C. D. Warner ed. Library of the world’s best literature ancient and modern. New York: R. S. Peale & J. A. Hill, vol. 2, pp. 4835-4393. Text F2113

Krause, Ernst. 1881. Unconscious Memory—Mr. Samuel Butler. Nature 23 (27 January): 288. Text A629

Anon. 1868. A new work by Mr. Darwin [Descent of man]. The Academy 1 (9 October): 15-16. Text A633

2010.12.06

A previously unpublished manuscript log of HMS Beagle courtesty of the Museo Naval de la Nación, Argentina and Henry von Wartenberg:

Forsyth, Charles. 1833-6. ‘A log of the Proceedings of H. M. Surveying Sloop Beagle.’ Image PDF Tigre 
Introduction by Simon Keynes

Two scholarly articles reproduced with the permission of the California Academy of Sciences:

Ghiselin, Michael T. 2009. Darwin: A reader’s guide. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences (155 [12 February]), 185 pp, 3 figs. Text PDF A622

Hodge, Jonathan. 2009. Darwin, the Galapagos and his changing thoughts about species origins: 1835-1837. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences Ser. 4, vol. 61, Supplement II, No. 7, pp. 89-106. Text PDF A623

Darwin manuscripts transcribed and published here for the first time:

Darwin, C. R. ‘Vol I p. 291 Again Mr Jenner Weir informs me that a peacock at Blackheath’. [1868]. Text & image CUL-DAR195.1.20

Darwin, C. R. ‘Mr Cuming thinks that a species variable in one place’ (1845). Text & image CUL-DAR205.10.63

Darwin, C. R. ‘I have been watching black Aphis on Dock tended by reddish Myrmica’ (6.1858) Text & image CUL-DAR205.11.89

Darwin, C. R. ‘I believe in single creations because (1) as a general rule species have’ (11.1855) Text & image CUL-DAR205.3.174

Darwin, C. R. ‘There is such disputes about affinity…definition of species’ (2.1841) Text & image CUL-DAR205.5.40

Fox, William Darwin. ‘3 crows to a nest’ (5.1868) Text & image CUL-DAR84.1.119

Darwin, C. R. ‘Forbes has thought about variability, being effect of conditions’ (12.1844) Text & image CUL-DAR45.58

Darwin, C. R. ‘Prof. Forbes says he thinks that all Gasteropods pass through state of almost of Ascidian molluscans’ (3.1844) Text & image CUL-DAR205.9.185-187

Darwin, C. R. ‘The Geranium phaeum’ (6.1842) Text & image CUL-DAR205.5.53-54

Darwin, C. R. ‘Falconer speaks of some fossil quite intermediate between Mastodon & Elephant’ (6.1844) Text & image CUL-DAR205.9.188

Darwin, C. R. ‘Talking with Bunbury & Lonsdale’ (2.1842) Text & image CUL-DAR205.9.146

Darwin, C. R. ‘Aberrant groups’ (4.1843) Text & image CUL-DAR205.5.60

Darwin, C. R. ‘Considering the endless generations of organisms during almost infinite ages’ (6.1840) Text & image CUL-DAR205.5.30

Darwin, C. R. ‘Falconer showed me beautiful series of elephant & Mastodon’ (6.1845) Text & image CUL-DAR205.5.114

Darwin, C. R. ‘Forbes thinks law, that where genus arises, there it will die’ (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR205.5.103

Darwin, C. R. ‘Scale for Bees’ cells’ (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR48.B10

Darwin, C. R. ‘Depth of rhomb 18/200 = 9/100’ (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR48.B11

Darwin, C. R. ‘Cell from opposite angle to angle’ (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR48.B15-B17

Newly recorded recollections and words of Darwin in print:

Darwin, C. R. 1889. [Extracts from notes on variation under nature]. In A. R. Wallace. 1889. Darwinism: an exposition of the theory of natural selection with some of its applications. London: Macmillan, pp. 46, 69, 79-89. Text F2105

Timiriazev, Kliment. [1877]. A visit to Darwin at Down. From: Historical note K. A. Timiriazev: A visit to Darwin, with notes by Leon Bell. Archipelago 9 (2006): 47-58. Text F2093

Macdonell, Anne. [1833]. [Recollection of Darwin in Buenos Ayres]. In Macdonell. 1913. Reminiscences of diplomatic life. London: Adam & Charles Black, pp. 27-29. Text F2097

Clemens, Samuel. [Mark Twain]. [1876]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Books, authors and hats. Address at the Pilgrims’ Club Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London, June 25, 1907. In Howell ed. 1907. Mark Twain speeches. New York and London: Harper Brothers, pp. 33-35. Text F2102

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. [1868]. [Recollection of Darwin]. Agassiz, Elizabeth Cary ed. 1885. Louis Agassiz: his life and correspondence. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co, vol. 2: 666. Text F2088

Butler, Samuel. [1872-1882]. [Recollections of Darwin]. In Breuer, Hans-Peter ed. 1984. The note-books of Samuel Butler. Volume 1 (1874-1883). Boston: University Press of America, pp. 122-3, 129-31, 168, 204, 237. Text F2103

More, Alexander Goodman. [1860]. [Letters from Darwin]. In Moffat, C. B. ed. 1898. Life and letters of Alexander Goodman More with selections from his zoological and botanical writings. Dublin: Hodges, Figgis, pp. 153-54. Text F2089

Dohrn, Anton. [1870]. [Recollection of a visit to Darwin] “Memories,” autobiographical notes, 1895-1909. In Gröben, C. ed. 1982.Charles Darwin and Anton Dohrn, Correspondence. Naples: Macchiaroli, pp. 93-94. Text F2090

Youmans, Edward Livingston. [1871]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In: Fiske, J. 1894. Edward Livingston Youmans: interpreter of science for the people. New York: Appleton, p. 276. Text F2091

Morely, John. [1877]. [Recollection of Darwin on Gladstone]. In Morely. 1911. The life of William Ewart Gladstone, new ed., 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, vol. 2, p. 562. Text F2092

Richter, Hans. [1881]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Fifield, C. 1993. True artist and true friend: a biography of Hans Richter. Oxford: Clarendon, p. 158. Text F2094

Candolle, Alphonse de. [1882]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Bettany, G. T. 1887. Life of Charles Darwin. London: Walter Scott, pp. 148-150. Text F2095

Fiske, John. [1871-1880]. [Recollections of Darwin]. In Spencer Clark, John ed. 1917. The life and letters of John Fiske, 2 vols. New York: Houghton Mifflin, vol. 1, pp. 481-82, 477, vol. 2, pp. 133-34. Text F2108

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. [1872-8]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Higginson. 1900. Cheerful yesterdays. Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press, pp. 283-86. Text F2096

Conway, Moncure Daniel. [1867]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Conway. 1905. Autobiography: memories and experiences. 2 vols. London: Cassell and Co, vol. 2, pp. 324-7. Text F2098

Cobbe, Frances Power. 1894. [Recollection and letters of Darwin]. In Cobbe. 1894. Life of Frances Power Cobbe. By herself. London: Richard Bentley & Son, vol. 2, pp. 123-129. Text F2099

Geddes, Patrick. [1877-1878]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Thompson, A. J. and Geddes, P. 1931. Life: Outlines of general biology. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, vol. 2, pp. 1454-55. Text F2100

Farrar, Frederic William. [1871]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Farrar, R. 1904. The life of Frederic William Farrar. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, pp. 108-9,109-10. Text F2101

Riley, Charles Valentine. 1882. [Recollection and letters of Darwin]. In Riley. 1882. Darwin’s Work in Entomology. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington DC 1: 77-80. Text F2104

Neville, Dorothy. [1875-1881]. [Recollection and letter of Darwin]. In Neville, Ralph ed. 1919. The life and letters of Lady Dorothy Nevill. London: Methuen, pp. 56-58. Text F2109

Gray, Asa. [1839, 1867-8]. [Letter and recollections of Darwin]. In Gray, Jane Loring ed. 1894. Letters of Asa Gray. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, vol. 1: 117; vol. 2: 557, 565. Text F2110

Ramsay, Andrew Crombie. [1848]. [Recollections of Darwin]. In: Geikie, Archibald. 1895. Memoir of Sir Andrew Crombie Ramsay. London: Macmillan, pp. 123, 130, 276-77. Text A624

Haeckel, Ernst. [1866]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Bölsche, W. 1909. Ernst Haeckel: ein Lebensbild. Berlin: Georg Bondi, p. 179. TextA625

Ruskin, John. [1837]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In: Collingwood, W. G. 1902. The life of John Ruskin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, p. 61.Text A626

Norton, Charles Eliot. [1868]. [Recollection of Ruskin and Darwin]. In: Norton. 1905. Letters of John Ruskin to Charles Eliot Norton, 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, vol. 1, pp. 194-95. Text A627

Norton, Charles Eliot. [1873]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Norton. 1913. Letters of Charles Eliot Norton, 2 vols. Cambridge, MA: Houghton Mifflin, vol. 2: 476-77. Text A630

Russell, Arthur. [1869]. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Kate Russell, 9 September 1869]. In Russell, B. and Russell, P. 1937. The Amberly papers, 2 vols. New York: Norton, vol. 2, p. 450. Text A628

Tyndall, John. [1875]. [Recollection of meeting between Carlyle and Darwin]. In Tyndall. 1898. New fragments. New York: Appleton, p. 388. Text A631

Price, John. [1824]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In: Price. 1875. Llandudno and how to enjoy It. Llandudno, Wales: Simpkin, Marshall.Text A634

Wright, Chauncey. [1872]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Thayer, James Bradley. 1878. Letters of Chauncey Wright, with some account of his life. Cambridge [Mass.]: John Wilson & Son, pp. 246-9. Text A635

Romanes, George John. [1881]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In: Romanes, Ethel Duncan ed. 1896. The Life and Letters of George John Romanes. New York: Longmans, Green, p. 129. Text A636

Claus, Carl. [1871]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Claus. 1899. Autobiographie. Marburg: Elwert, p. 17. Text A637

Smalley, George Washburn. 1891. [Recollection of Darwin’s funeral]. In Smalley. London letters and some others. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, vol. 1, pp. 70-71. Text A632

Gulick, John T. [1872]. [Recollection of Darwin] In Gulick. 1908. Isolation and selection in the evolution of species. The need of clear definitions. The American Naturalist vol. 42, no. 493 (January): 48-57. Text A643

Wallace, A. R. 1905. My life: A record of events and opinions(newly transcribed)
Vol. 1 Text A237.1
Vol. 2 Text A237.2

2010, 11.25

Darwin Online Facebook page established.

2010, 11.11-12

Darwin, C. R. 1895. [Letter to Josef Wolf and recollections of Darwin] In A. H. Palmer, The Life of Joseph Wolf: Animal Painter.London: Longmans, pp. 192-8. Text F2087

Darwin, C. R. ‘There is such disputes about…definition of species’ (2.1841) Text & image CUL-DAR205.5.40

Darwin, C. R. ‘Talking with Mr. Strickland = I confess that my theory must necessarily be given up’ (4.1842) Text & image CUL-DAR205.9.149

Darwin, C. R. ‘a sketch of the principal events in my life’. (1866-1875). Text & imageText & imageText & imageText & imageDAR91.102-113

Darwin, C. R. ‘We do not blush when we give an abject beggar’ (1.1839) Text & image CUL-DAR195.1.1

Darwin, C. R. ‘Paget says he has been observing Blushing’ (3.1868) Text & image CUL-DAR195.1.2

Darwin, C. R. ‘bull-dogs’ (1.1871) Text & image CUL-DAR195.1.3

Darwin, C. R. ‘Huxley thinks attention to sensation due to sensorium’ (12.1871) Text & image CUL-DAR195.1.4

Darwin, C. R. [blushing in Shakespeare] (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR195.1.15

Darwin, C. R. ‘Young children do not blush’ (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR195.1.17

Darwin, C. R. [Brown-Séquard on the transmitted effect of an operation] (nd) Text & image CUL-DAR195.1.19

2010, 10.26

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Pampas. (1833) Text & image CUL-DAR33.249-278

Litchfield, H. E. ed. 1904. Emma Darwin, wife of Charles Darwin. A century of family letters. Cambridge: University Press printed.Click to see illustrations
Volume 1 Text F1552.1
Volume 2 
Text F1552.2

Brace, Charles Loring. 1872. [Recollections and letter of Darwin]. In Brace, Emma ed. 1894. The Life of Charles Loring Brace. New York: Scribner’s, pp. 319-22; 376-7. Text F2086

Allingham, William. [recollection of Darwin] In H. Allingham and D. Radford eds. 1907. William Allingham A Diary. London: Macmillan, pp. 184-85. Text A618

Balfour, Arthur James. [c. 1870]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Balfour. 1930. Chapters of Autobiography. London: Cassell, pp. 37-38.Text A619

Butler, Thomas. [recollections of Darwin]. In Silver, Arnold ed. 1962. The Family Letters of Samuel Butler, 1841-1886. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, p. 209. Text A620

Butler, Samuel. 1917. [recollection of Darwin]. In Jones, Henry Festing ed. The Note-Books of Samuel Butler. New York: Dutton, p. 161. Text A621

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Darwin on Galapagos (1880)

Bake a Cake for Darwin 2011

A model of the species found in the Galapagos (at left) and South America (not to scale). Entry by the Estes Grant family for the Beaty Biodiversity Museum's Bake a Cake for Darwin 2011

A new document just posted at The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online contains a previously unpublished remark on Darwin’s feelings about the Galapagos Islands. It comes from notes Darwin took while reading Alfred Russel Wallace’s Island Life: or, The phenomena and causes of insular faunas and floras, including a revision and attempted solution of the problem of geological climates (London: Macmillan & Co., 1880):

Galapagos. — I regret that you have not discussed plants. Perhaps I overvalue these Islds for how they did interest me & how they have influenced my life, as as one main element of my attending to origin of species.

You see that I have gone on writing as I read, & on almost next page there comes discussion of Galapagos flora!

John van Wyhe writes that “[a]s in his other descriptions of the Galapagos, however, Darwin here too refers to them not as the sole influence, but one of a number of the most important influences that first convinced him that species must evolve.”

Darwin Online now has a Facebook page, and I sure do hope you’ll go like it!

“What’s New” at Darwin Online

These were added to The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online between December 25 and December 28, 2009:

A new translation of the Origin of species into Portuguese, courtesy of Nuno Gomes:

Darwin, C. R. 2009. A origem das espécies através da selecção natural ou a preservação das raças favorecidas na luta pela sobrevivência. Edited by Nuno Gomes. Translated by Ana Afonso. PlanetaVivo. Text PDF

A newly discovered Darwin publication! Courtesy of a Private Collection, Virginia:

Darwin, C. R. 1840. On the connexion of certain volcanic phenomena in South America; and on the formation of mountain chains and volcanos, as the effect of the same powers by which continents are elevated. [Read 7 March 1838] Transactions of the Geological Society of London (Ser. 2) 5 (3): 601-631, pl. 49, 3 figs. [Offprint in original wrappers, mostly uncut, with unique slip describing the illustrations.] Text & image PDF

Anon. 1882. [Obituary of] Charles Darwin. The Nation no. 878 (27 April): 354-5. Image Scans courtesy of Richard Kool.

“What’s New” on Darwin Online

It has been a while since I posted new content from Darwin Online. These were added to The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online between March 25 and November 24, 2009:

Online Variorum of Darwin’s Origin of Species edited by Barbara Bordalejo. Introduction

Commemorating the 150th anniversary of the publication of the Origin of species in November 1859: Francis Darwin’s annotated copy of the Origin of species (1859). Introduction Image PDF Through the kind courtesy of a Private Collection, Virginia.

Murray, John. 1909. Darwin and his publisher John Murray. Science progress in the twentieth century: a quarterly journal of scientific work & thought. 3: 537-542. Text

Foote, G. W. 1889. Darwin on God. London: Progressive publishing company. Text Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. ‘Dr Munro Anatomy’. [Edinburgh University lecture notes]. (1825) Text & image Transcribed and edited by John van Wyhe.

Darwin, C. R. [Memorial of A. R. Wallace for a Civil List Pension]. (1880) Text & image Transcribed and edited by John van Wyhe.

Darwin, C. R. ‘Old & useless notes about the moral sense & some metaphysical points’. (1837-1840) Text & image Transcribed and edited by Paul H. Barrett. Transcription now available side-by-side with images of the manuscripts.

Darwin, C. R. ‘Macculloch. Attrib of Deity’ [Essay on Theology and Natural Selection] (1838). Text & image Transcribed and edited by Paul H. Barrett.

Darwin, C. R. ‘Macculloch. Attributes of Deity Vol I.’ [1838] Text & image

Darwin, C. R. ‘With respect to whether Galapagos beings are species’ [abstract of Macculloch Attributes of deity vol 1]. [1838] Text & image

Darwin, C. R. ‘Coral Islands’. (1835) Text & image Transcribed and edited by D. R. Stoddart. Transcription now available side-by-side with images of the manuscript.

Darwin, C. R. nd. [Draft fragment of Descent]. Text & image Transcribed by Milton Forsyth.

Armstrong, Patrick. 1992. Charles Darwin’s last island: Terceira, Azores, 1836. Geowest no. 27. Text

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Galapagos. (10.1835). Introduction Text & image Transcribed and edited by K. Thalia Grant and Gregory B. Estes. Published here for the first time.

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Tahiti. (11.1835) Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker.

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Bay of Islands, New Zealand. (12.1835) Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker.

Darwin, C. R. [c. 1876] [Draft fragment of autobiography ‘I gained much by my delay’] Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker and edited by John van Wyhe.

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: King George’s Sound. (3.1836) Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker.

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: King George’s Sound. (3.1836) Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker.

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Mauritius. (5.1836) Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker.

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Terceira (Azores). (9.1836) Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker

Darwin, C. R. [Beagle field notes] ‘Bahia Brazil Aug: 1836’ Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker.

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Cape of Good Hope (6.1836) Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker.

Darwin, C. R. Geological diary: Ascension. (7.1836) Text & image Transcribed by Guido Chiesura.

Armstrong, Patrick. 1985. Charles Darwin in Western Australia: A young scientist’s perception of an environment. Nedlands: University of Western Australia Press. Text

Armstrong, Patrick. 1991. Under the blue vault of heaven: A study of Charles Darwin’s sojourn in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Nedlands: Indian Ocean Centre for Peace Studies. Text

Armstrong, Patrick. 1992. Darwin’s desolate islands: A naturalist in the Falklands, 1833 and 1834. Chippenham: Picton Publishing, 1992. Text

Darwin, C. R. 1871. The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. 7th thousand. London: John Murray. Vol. 1. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1882. The formation of vegetable mould, through the action of worms, with observations on their habits. 6th thousand (corrected). London: John Murray. Image PDF

Preyer, W. T. 1891. Briefe von Darwin. mit Erinnerungen und Erlaeuterungen. Deutsche Rundschau 17, no. 9 (June): 356-390. Text Image

Darwin, C. R. 1868. The variation of animals and plants under domestication. London: John Murray. 1st ed., 1st issue.Vol. 2. Text Image PDF Vol. 2. Text Image PDF New colour images.

FitzRoy, Robert. [Letter to N. Ogle on appointment of A. Derbishire to the Beagle] (30.06.1831). Text & image A newly published FitzRoy letter!

Darwin, C. R. 1865. On the movements and habits of climbing plants. [Read 2 February] Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Botany)9: 1-118, 13 text figures [offprint]. Text & image PDF A newly discovered variant of this Darwin publication.

‘Insecta June’. [Beagle insect notes] (6.1833) Text & image

‘Pediculus. Chiloe.’ [Beagle insect notes] (7.1834) Text & image

‘Observat[ions] on Maldonado birds’ [Beagle animal notes] Text & image

Darwin, C. R. 1860. Het ontstaan der soorten van dieren en planten door middel van de natuurkeus, of het bewaard blijven van bevoorregte rassen in de strijd des levens. With a preface by the translator Tiberius Cornelius Winkler. 1st ed. 2 vols. Haarlem: A. C. Kruseman. Vol. 1 Text Image Vol. 2 Text Image

Spengel, J. W. 1872. Die Darwinsche Theorie: Verzeichniss der über dieselbe in Deutschland, England, Amerika, Frankreich, Italien, Holland, Belgien und den Skandinavischen Reichen erschienenen Schriften und Aufsätze. 2d enlarged ed. Berlin: Wiegandt und Hempel. Text Image

Bettany, G. T. 1887. Life of Charles Darwin. London: Walter Scott. Text

Richardson, R. 1888. Darwin’s geological work. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society 1-16. Text

1909. Darwin Centenary Number. Christ’s College Magazine. XXIII, Easter Term. Text

Geikie, A. 1909. Charles Darwin as geologist: The Rede Lecture given at the Darwin Centennial Commemoration on 24 June 1909Text

Judd, J. W. 1910. The coming of evolution: The story of a great revolution in science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Text

Ward, H. 1927. Charles Darwin: The man and his warfare. London: John Murray. Text

And transcriptions of 10 reviews of Darwin’s works here.

Laugel, A. 1860. Nouvelle théorie d’histoire naturelle: l’origine des espèces (On the Origin of Species, by Charles Darwin; London, John Murray, 1859). Revue des deux mondes 26, no. 3 (1 April): pp. 644-671. Image

De la Beche, H. T. 1830. Geological notes. London: Treuttel. Text Image

Lindley, J. 1840. The theory of horticulture; or, an attempt to explain the principal operations of gardening upon physiological principles. London: Longman. Text Image

Lindley, J. 1853. The vegetable kingdom; or, the structure, classification, and uses of plants, illustrated upon the natural system. 3d ed. London: Bradbury & Evans. Text Image

Darwin, C. R. 1874. The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. London: John Murray. 2d edition; tenth thousand. Text

Darwin, C. R. 1997. Viagens do Adventure e do BeagleDiário e anotações, 1832-1836. (Journal and remarks, chapter 1) Translated by Helena Barbas. Lisbon: Expo’98. Text

Busk, G. 1852. Catalogue of marine Polyzoa in the collection of the British Museum. Part I. Cheilostomata (part). London: Trustees of the British Museum. Text

Busk, G. 1854. Catalogue of marine Polyzoa in the collection of the British Museum, Part II. Cheilostomata (part). London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). Text

Busk, G. 1875. Catalogue of marine Polyzoa in the collection of the British Museum, Part III. Cyclostomata. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). Text

And transcriptions of more than 50 reviews of Darwin’s works here.

Darwin, C. R. c. 1827. [Notes on a zoological walk to Portobello]. Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker and edited by John van Wyhe. Text & image

Darwin, C. R. 1832-1836. ‘Shells in Spirits of wine’. (Beagle specimen list) Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker. Text & image

New editions courtesy of the History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries:

Darwin, C. R. 1874. The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. London: John Murray. 2d edition; tenth thousand. Image PDF F944

Darwin, C. R. 1868. De la variation des animaux et des plantes sous l’action de la domestication. Paris: C. Reinwald. Vol. 1 Image PDF Vol. 2 Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1871[-2]. Die Abstammung des Menschen und die geschlechtliche Zuchtwahl. Translated by J. V. Carus. 2d ed. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart. Vol. 1 Image PDF Vol. 2 Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1872. Der Ausdruck der Gemüthsbewegungen bei dem Menschen und den Thieren. Translated by J. V. Carus. Stuttgart: Schwiezerbart. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1872-3. La descendance de l’homme et la sélection sexuelle. Translated by J. J. Moulinié. Preface by Carl Vogt. Paris: C. Reinwald. Vol. 1 Image PDF Vol. 2 Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1874. L’Expression des émotions chez l’homme et les animaux. Translated by Samuel Pozzi and René Benoit. Paris: C. Reinwald. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1877. Les plantes insectivores. Translated by E. Barbier. Introduction and notes by Charles Martin. Paris: C. Reinwald. ImagePDF

Darwin, C. R. 1878. Des différentes formes de fleurs dans les plantes de la même espèce. Translated by Édouard Heckel. With an analytical preface by Amédée Guillaume August Coutance. Paris: C. Reinwald. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1879-80. De la variation des animaux et des plantes à l’état domestique. Traduit sur la seconde édition anglaise par Ed. Barbier; préface de Carl Vogt. Paris: C. Reinwald et Cie. Vol. 1 Text Image PDF Vol. 2 Text Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1882. The various contrivances by which orchids are fertilised by insects. 2d ed., revised. 3d thousand. London: John Murray.Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1882. La faculté motrice dans les plantes. Translated and with notes and a preface by Édouard Heckel. Paris: C. Reinwald.Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1882. Role des vers de terre dans la formation de la terre végétale. Translated by M. Levêque. Preface by Edmond Perrier. Paris: C. Reinwald. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1882. Die Bildung der Ackererde durch die Thätigkeit der Würmer. Translated by J. V. Carus. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart. ImagePDF

Darwin, C. R. 1884. The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species. 3d thousand. Preface by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1888. Insectivorous plants. 2d edition. Revised by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. Image PDF

Darwin, F. ed. 1888. La vie et la correspondance de Charles Darwin avec un chapitre autobiographique. Translated by H. C. de Varigny. Paris: C. Reinwald. Vol. 1 Image PDF Vol. 2 Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. [Notes on preserving Beagle specimens]. Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker and edited by John van Wyhe. Text & image

Darwin, C. R. [Edinburgh diary for 1826]. Text & image Transcribed and edited by John van Wyhe and published here for the first time.

Harmer, S. F. 1901. List of specimens collected on the Beagle which were kept or discarded, with extracts from Darwin’s manuscripts referring to specimens kept in the museum. University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge. Image With thanks to the University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge.

Darwin, C. R. ‘Books [read]’ notebook. (1838-1858). Text & image Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker.

[Charles Darwin autograph signature, nd] Reproduced courtesy of Doug Carnick, Waterville, Maine, USA. Image

Huxley, Thomas Henry. [c. 1887] [Reminiscence of the reception of the Origin.Text & image

Darwin, Emma. [1882?] [Reminiscences of Darwin on the ‘Beagle’] Text

New editions courtesy of the History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries:

Darwin, C. R. 1877. Les mouvements et les habitudes des plantes grimpantes. Ouvrage traduit de l’anglais sur la deuxième édition par le Dr Richard Gordon. Paris: C.Reinwald et Cie. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1883. I diversi apparecchi col mezzo dei quali le orchidee vengono fecondate dagli insetti. Translated by Giovanni Canestrini and Lamberto Moschen. Turin: Unione. Image PDF

Text now available side-by-side with corrected images of the notebooks:

Darwin, C. R. Notebook A: Geology (1837-1839). Text & image

Darwin, C. R. Glen Roy notebook (1838). Text & image

Darwin, C. R. Questions & experiments [1839-1844]. Text & image

Darwin, C. R. Torn Apart notebook (1839-1841) Text & image

New edition courtesy of the History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries:

Darwin, C. R. 1871. The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. New York: D. Appleton. Vol. 1. Image PDF Vol. 2. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1883. [Extract of a letter on classical education] In Farrar, F. W. ‘General aims of the teacher. A lecture in Cambridge teachers’ training Syndicate course. March 3, 1883′, American Journal of Education (Hartford, Conn.) 32: 129-154 (139-40). Text

New editions courtesy of the History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries:

Darwin, C. R. 1868. Das Variiren der Thiere und Pflanzen im Zustande der Domestication. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart. Vol. 1. Image PDF Vol. 2. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1876. Variazione degli animali e delle piante allo stato domestico. Turin: Unione. Image PDF

Utricularia [draft of Insectivorous plants, p. 427] Transcribed by John van Wyhe and Kees Rookmaaker. Text & image

New editions courtesy of the History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries:

Darwin, C. R. 1862. De l’origine des espèces ou des lois du progrès chez les êtres organisés. Translated and with preface and notes by Mlle Clémence-Auguste Royer. Paris: Guillaumin et Cie. Image PDF (first French edition)

Darwin, C. R. 1866. L’origine des espèces par sélection naturelle ou des lois de transformation des êtres organisés. Traduit en Français avec l’autorisation de l’auteur par Clémence Royer avec une préface et des notes du traducteur. Deuxième édition augmentée d’après des notes de l’auteur. Paris: Victor Masson et fils; Guillaumin et Cie. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1870. L’origine des espèces par sélection naturelle ou des lois de transformation des êtres organisés. Traduction de Mme Clémence Royer avec préfaces et notes du traducteur. Troisième édition. Paris: Victor Masson et fils; Guillaumin et Cie. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1870. De la fécondation des orchidées par les insectes et des bons résultats du croisement. Trans. by Louis Rérolle. Paris: C. Reinwald. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1878. The effects of cross and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. London: John Murray. 2d ed. Text

Darwin, C. R. 1882. The movements and habits of climbing plants. London: John Murray. (Final text) Text

Darwin, C. R. 1882. The formation of vegetable mould, through the action of worms, with observations on their habits. London: John Murray. 7th thousand. Corrected by Francis Darwin. Text

Darwin, C. R. 1902. Observations géologiques sur les iles volcaniquesImage PDF Courtesy of of the History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries.

Judd, J. W. 1911. Charles Darwin’s earliest doubts concerning the immutability of species. Nature 88, No. 1292 (2 November): 8-12. Text

New editions courtesy of the History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries:

Darwin, C. R. 1860. On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. New York: D. Appleton. (1st American edition) Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1875. Voyage d’un naturaliste autour du monde. Trans. by Éd. Barbier. Paris: C. Reinwald. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1878. Les récifs de corail leur structure et leur distributionImage PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1876. The origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. London: John Murray. 6th edition, with additions and corrections. Text Image PDF [First issue of the final definitive text]

Darwin, C. R. 1890. The expression of the emotions in man and animals. 2d edition. Edited by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. Text

Darwin, C. R. 1884. Le diverse forme dei fiori in piante della stessa specieImage PDF

Gray, Asa. 1861. Natural Selection not inconsistent with Natural Theology. A free examination of Darwin’s treatise on the Origin of Species, and of its American reviewers. Reprinted from the Atlantic monthly for July, August, and October, 1860. London: Trübner & Co., Boston: Ticknor and Fields. Text

Wright, C. 1871. Darwinism: Being an examination of Mr. St. George Mivart’s ‘Genesis of species,’ [Reprinted from the ‘North American Review,’ July 1871, with additions.] London: John Murray. Text

Herbert, Sandra, Gibson, Sally, Norman, David, Giest, Dennis, Estes, Greg, Grant, Thalia and Miles, Andrew. 2009. Into the field again: re-examining Charles Darwin’s 1835 geological work on Isla Santiago (James Island) in the Galápagos Archipelago. Earth Sciences History 28, No. 1, pp. 1-31. Text Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1-2.1832. Geological diary: St Jago. Text & image Newly transcribed by Guido Chiesura, Gordon Chancellor and Kees Rookmaaker.

Records of the David Stanbury collection (focusing on Darwin and the Beagle voyage) at Christ’s College, Cambridge have been added to the manuscript catalogue here.

Darwin, C. R. ‘Books Read’ and ‘Books to be Read’ notebook. (1852-1860). CUL-DAR128.- Text & image

Kees Rookmaaker. 2009. Darwin’s itinerary on the voyage of the Beagle. Text The first complete chronology of every day of the Beagle voyage!

Martínez, S. and G. Veroslavsky. 2000. Darwin, la geología y el Uruguay. In Carlos A. Altuna and Martín Ubilla eds. El prisma de la evolución A 140 años de El origen de las especies. Montevideo, Uruguay: DI.R.A.C., pp. 81-98. Text PDF

Darwin in Argentina. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 64, No. 1 (Feb. 2009): 1-180. Text PDF (Reproduced with permission of the Asociación Geológica Argentina)

[Darwin, C. R.] 1851. Died [Anne Elizabeth Darwin]. The Times (28 April): 9. Text

Lowe, Robert. ‘Journal kept by H. P. Lowe & R Lowe during 3 months of the summer 1831. at Barmouth. North Wales. Forsitan haec olim meminisse juvabit.’ [Nottinghamshire Record Office] Introduction Text NRO-DD.SK.218.1 A newly discovered recollection of Darwin!

Darwin, C. R. [1842]. [Outline of the 1842 sketch of species theory]. Text & image

Darwin C. R. ‘Books to be read’ and ‘Books Read’ notebook. (1838-1851) Text & image

Büchner, Ludwig. 1901. [Recollection of Darwin’s religious views]. Last Words on Materialism and Kindred Subjects, translated by Joseph McCabe. London: Watts and Co., pp. 147-8. Text

Darwin, George H. 1872. Development in dress. Macmillan Magazine 26: 410-416. Text

Darwin, C. R. ‘Recollections of the development of my mind & character’ [Autobiography [1876-4.1882] Text & image A new transcription available side-by-side with images of the original manuscript.

Darwin, Francis. [nd] [recollections of Darwin Charles Robert by Marshall W]. Text & image

Darwin, George Howard. [nd] Description of my father’s ordinary habits during the latter years of his life. Text & image

Darwin George Howard. [nd] On my father’s conversation. Text & image

Darwin, George Howard? [nd] It was curious that Dr D[arwin] being a freethinker my father should have been so orthodoxly brought up.Text & image

Darwin George Howard. [nd] Stories told by my father. Text & image

Judd, John Wesley. [nd] [Recollections of Charles Lyell]. Text & image

James, J. F. 1882. [Obituary of] Charles Robert Darwin. The journal of the Cincinnati society of natural history 5, No. 2: 71-77. Text Image PDF Courtesy of Glenn Storrs.

Darwin, C. R. 1844. Naturwissenschaftliche Reise. [2 vols. in 1] Image PDF Courtesy of the Natural History Museum (London)

Seven volumes of Darwin in Polish courtesy of Jakub Jakubowski:

Darwin, C. R. 1884-5. O powstawaniu gatunków drogą naturalnego doboru czyli o utrzymywaniu. Translated by Szymon Dickstein and Jozef Nusbaum. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Przeglądu Tygodniowego. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1873. Wyraz uczuć u człowieka i zwierząt. Translated by Konrad Dobrski. Warsaw: Drukarnia Józefa Sikorskiego. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1875-6. Dobór płciowy. Translated by Ludwik Maslowski. Lwów: Księgarnia Polska.Vol. 1 Image PDF Vol. 2 Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1884. O pochodzeniu człowieka. Translated by Ludwik Maslowski. Lwow, Księgarnia Polska. 2d Polish ed. Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1888-9. Zmienność zwierząt i roślin w stanie kultury. Translated by Józef Nusbaum. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Przeglądu Tygodniowego. Vol. 1 Image PDF Vol. 2 Image PDF

Journal of researches in Swedish courtesy of the Trustees of the Natural History Museum (London): Darwin, C. R. 1872. En naturforskares Resa omkring jorden. Translated by G. Lindström. Landskrona: J. L. Törnqvists. Image PDF

Maxwell, G. S. 1927. [Recollections of Darwin] Just beyond London: home travellers’ tales with some glimpses of rus-in-sub-urbe. London: Methuen. Image

Darwin Round-Up

Monday, November 16th is the deadline for submissions to Charlie’s Playhouse’s “Ask the Kids” [about evolution] project.  More information here.

I somehow neglected to share Ben Fry’s very cool digital rendition of the six editions of On the Origin of Species and the changes therein: “The Preservation of Favoured Traces.”

The Sedgwick Museum of Earth Sciences blog that accompanies their new Darwin as a geologist exhibit (my pics) has a short write up on the “Darwin in the Field” conference I attended last July, here. Also, the newsletter of the Palaeontological Association (they provided funding for the conference, including travel money for myself and a post-doc at the Smithsonian) has a report of the conference written by, well, me! You can see it at the bottom of page 56 in this PDF.

Two freely available articles from Bioscience: “The Darwinian Revelation: Tracing the Origin and Evolution of an Idea” [PDF] by James Costa and “Ten Myths about Charles Darwin” [PDF] by Kevin Padian [previous posts with Padian].

Nature has started a series on Darwin and culture called “Global Darwin”: “Darwin and culture,” “Global Darwin: Eastern enchantment,” and “Global Darwin: Contempt for competition.” These pieces explore a variety of reactions to Darwin’s theory of evolution.

Also titled “Global Darwin” is a 2009 lecture by Jim Secord. Access it here. At the same site are lectures by Janet Browne and Rebecca Stott.

Here is a page for the National Library of Medicine’s exhibit Rewriting the Book of Nature: Charles Darwin and the Rise of Evolutionary Theory, and two sets of pictures on Flickr showing a Darwin exhibition (Darwin’s Legacy) at the National Museum of Natural History, sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution Libraries.

Darwin Online has put up the annotated copy of On the Origin of Species owned by Darwin’s third son, and experimental assistant, Francis.

Videos of many lectures from the University of Cambridge’s Darwin Festival in July are up on YouTube.

Darwinfest: Bold Ideas Change Worlds, at ASU, has its own website. Darwin biographer Janet Browne will give a lecture on November 13th. Previous lectures from throughout 2009 are available for download.

Historian of science Jim Endersby will talk on “Darwin, Hooker, and Empire” on November 18th  in conjunction with the American Philosophical Society’s exhibition Dialogues with Darwin: An Exhibition of Historical Documents and Contemporary Art. Website here, and a fun Flickr photo set of post-it notes that visitors filled out and placed on a tree of life diagram. Another recent lecture of Endersby’s, “Smashing Species: Joseph Hooker and Victorian Science” for the Royal Society, can be downloaded as an mp3.

Christ’s College, Cambridge has a website for Darwin, with lots of resources.

“Who can head the words of Charlie Darwin…”

Cambridge Library Collection’s Life Science series offers reprints of many historically important books (71 titles), many of which are on Amazon.

Via Genomicron, “This View of Life: Evolutionary Art for the Year of Darwin”:

Evolutionary art is the topic of many books this year: Charles Darwin and Victorian Visual Culture by Jonathan Smith; Endless Forms: Charles Darwin, Natural Science, and the Visual Arts by Jane Munro; Darwin: Art and the Search for Origins; The Art of Evolution: Darwin, Darwinisms, and Visual Culture by Barbara Larson and Fae Bauer; Darwin’s Camera: Art and Photography in the Theory of Evolution by Phillip Prodger; Reframing Darwin: Evolution and Art in Australia by Jeanette Hoorn; and Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 by Julia Voss.

In Evolution: Education and Outreach is an article by U. Kutschera called “Darwin’s Philosophical Imperative and the Furor Theologicus: “In 1859 Charles Darwin submitted a manuscript entitled “An Abstract of an Essay on the Origin of Species and Varieties through Natural Selection” to John Murray III, who published the text under the title On the Origin of Species. On many pages of this book, Darwin contrasts his naturalistic theory that explains the transmutation and diversification of animals and plants with the Bible-based belief that all species were independently created. On the last page of the first edition, published in November 1859, where Darwin speculated on the origin of the earliest forms of life from which all other species have descended, no reference to “the Creator” is made. In order to conciliate angry clerics and hence to tame the erupted furor theologicus, Darwin included the phrase “by the Creator” in the second edition of 1860 and in all subsequent versions of his book (sixth ed. 1872). However, in a letter of 1863, Darwin distanced himself from this Bible-based statement and wrote that by creation he means “appeared by some wholly unknown process.” In 1871, Darwin proposed a naturalistic origin-of-life-concept but did not dare to mention his “warm little pond hypothesis” in the sixth definitive edition of the Origin (1872). I conclude that the British naturalist strictly separated scientific facts and theories from religious dogmas (Darwin’s “philosophical imperative”) and would not endorse current claims by the Catholic Church and other Christian associations that evolutionary theory and Bible-based myths are compatible.”

EEO also has a piece about the traveling Darwin exhibition by Chiara Ceci, “Darwin: Origin and Evolution of an Exhibition”: “Two hundred years after his birth, Darwin, originated by the American Museum of Natural History in New York, is the most important exhibition about the English scientist ever organized for the general public. This traveling exhibition has appeared in many versions worldwide, and a study of the relationships between local developers of the various editions of the exhibition underlines how a scientific exhibition and, more generally, science communication can succeed in striking a good equilibrium between universal content and cultural determinants.”

“Discover the principles of evolution through animations, movies and simulations” at Evolution of Life.

Several articles have appeared this year in the Journal of the History of Biology touching on Darwin and evolution in general: “Capitalist Contexts for Darwinian Theory: Land, Finance, Industry and Empire” (M.J.S. Hodge); “The Origins of Species: The Debate between August Weismann and Moritz Wagner” (Charlotte Weissman); “Edward Hitchcock’s Pre-Darwinian (1840) ‘Tree of Life'” (J. David Archibald); “Tantalizing Tortoises and the Darwin-Galápagos Legend” (Frank J. Sulloway); “‘A Great Complication of Circumstances’ – Darwin and the Economy of Nature” (Trevor Pearce); “Charles Darwin’s Beagle Voyage, Fossil Vertebrate Succession, and ‘The Gradual Birth & Death of Species'” (Paul D. Brinkman); “Darwin and Inheritance: The Influence of Prosper Lucas” (Ricardo Noguera-Solano and Rosaura Ruiz-Gutiérrez); and “Of Mice and Men: Evolution and the Socialist Utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw” (Piers J. Hale).

A Darwin article in Plant Biology: “From Charles Darwin’s botanical country-house studies to modern plant biology”: “As a student of theology at Cambridge University, Charles Darwin (1809-1882) attended the lectures of the botanist John S. Henslow (1796-1861). This instruction provided the basis for his life-long interest in plants as well as the species question. This was a major reason why in his book On the Origin of Species, which was published 150 years ago, Darwin explained his metaphorical phrase `struggle for life’ with respect to animals and plants. In this article, we review Darwin’s botanical work with reference to the following topics: the struggle for existence in the vegetable kingdom with respect to the phytochrome-mediated shade avoidance response; the biology of flowers and Darwin’s plant-insect co-evolution hypothesis; climbing plants and the discovery of action potentials; the power of movement in plants and Darwin’s conflict with the German plant physiologist Julius Sachs; and light perception by growing grass coleoptiles with reference to the phototropins. Finally, we describe the establishment of the scientific discipline of Plant Biology that took place in the USA 80 years ago, and define this area of research with respect to Darwin’s work on botany and the physiology of higher plants.”

And another in Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences: “Dog fight: Darwin as animal advocate in the antivivisection controversy of 1875”: “The traditional characterization of Charles Darwin as a strong advocate of physiological experimentation on animals was posited in Richard French’s Antivivisection and medical science in Victorian England (1975), where French portrayed him as a soldier in Thomas Huxley’s efforts to preserve anatomical experimentation on animals unfettered by government regulation. That interpretation relied too much on, inter alia, Huxley’s own description of the legislative battles of 1875, and shared many historians’ propensity to foster a legacy of Darwin as a leader among a new wave of scientists, even where personal interests might indicate a conflicting story. Animal rights issues concerned more than mere science for Darwin, however, and where debates over other scientific issues failed to inspire Darwin to become publicly active, he readily joined the battle over vivisection, helping to draft legislation which, in many ways, was more protective of animal rights than even the bills proposed by his friend and anti-vivisectionist, Frances Power Cobbe. Darwin may not have officially joined Cobbe’s side in the fight, but personal correspondence of the period between 1870 and 1875 reveals a man whose first interest was to protect animals from inhumane treatment, and second to protect the reputations of those men and physiologists who were his friends, and who he believed incapable of inhumane acts. On this latter point he and Cobbe never did reach agreement, but they certainly agreed on the humane treatment of animals, and the need to proscribe various forms of animal experimentation.”

“Darwinism Comes to Penn” [PDF], in The Pennsylvania Gazette: “A century-and-a-half after the November 1859 publication of On the Origin of Species, a Penn microbiologist looks back at how Darwin’s ideas were received by some of the University’s leading thinkers.”

In the Journal of Evolutionary Biology, “WWDD? (What Would Darwin Do?)” [PDF], looks at evolution research and publishing: “We have just celebrated the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin and the 150th anniversary of the publication of On the Origin of Species. While I hope we all rejoiced in the success of evolutionary biology and its continued growth, we should not become complacent. Although these are indeed events to celebrate, we still face the real threat of general ignorance of Darwin’s ideas. World leaders (or would-be world leaders) still promote superstition, stories and unthinking acceptance of dogma over scientific evidence. Evolutionary biologists have succeeded in investigating the magnificence, the wonder, the complexity, and the detail of evolution and its role in generating biodiversity. Evolutionary biologists have been less successful in making this relevant to those who are not biologists (and even, alas, some biologists). Is evolutionary biology likely to thrive when governments demand an immediate return on their research investment? How do we begin to educate others as to the value and importance of evolutionary research? I do not begin to claim that I can fathom the mind of Darwin, but I cannot help wondering – what would Darwin do today? Would he respond? How would he respond? And, what would be the form of his response?”

Jerry Coyne on “Why Evolution is True”:

Daniel Dennett on “Darwin and the Evolution of Why”:

A new book “offers a primer in the history of the development of evolution as a discipline after Darwin’s book and in how evolution is defined today”: The Origin Then and Now: An Interpretive Guide to the Origin of Species (Princeton University Press, 2009) by UCR biologist David Reznick. You can read the introduction on the publisher’s page for the book.

Richard Dawkins closes his latest book The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution by going through and detailing each line of the famous closing paragraph (“There is grandeur in this view of life…”) of On the Origin of Species. It’s available online, for you, to read, and ponder.

“The Evolution of Charles Darwin,” a 4-part series on CBC Radio One: “Ideas pays tribute to Charles Darwin and celebrates the 150th anniversary of the publication of his transformational and contentious book, On the Origin of Species. Darwin’s theory of evolution through Natural Selection completely changed how we think about the world. In this 4-part series, Seth Feldman guides us through the life and ideas of Charles Darwin, a creative genius. The series is produced by Sara Wolch.” Via Adrian.

Via The Evolution List, The Darwinian Revolutions Video Series: “This series of six online videos is a brief introduction to Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection and its implications.” The short videos are: Darwinian Revolutions, Evolutionary Ancestors, Lamarck’s Theory, One Long Argument, Mendel-Eclipse of Darwin, and The Evolving Synthesis.

The November 2009 issue of Naturwissenschaften is devoted to Darwin. The articles are “Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species, directional selection, and the evolutionary sciences today” [PDF] (Ulrich Kutschera); “Darwin’s warm little pond revisited: From molecules to the origin of life” [PDF] (Hartmut Follmann and Carol Brownson); “Charles Darwin, beetles and phylogenetics” [PDF] (Rolf G. Beutel, Frank Friedrich and Richard A. B. Leschen); “The predictability of evolution: Glimpses into a post-Darwinian world” [PDF] (Simon Conway Morris); and “Evolutionary plant physiology: Charles Darwin’s forgotten synthesis” [PDF] (Ulrich Kutschera and Karl J. Niklas).

Two more articles consider Darwin and the origin of life. In Endeavour James E. Strick offers “Darwin and the origin of life: public versus private science”: “In the first twenty years after the publication of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species, an intense debate took place within the ranks of Darwin’s supporters over exactly what his theory implied about the means by which the original living organism formed on Earth. Many supporters of evolutionary science also supported the doctrine of spontaneous generation: life forming from nonliving material not just once but many times up to the present day. Darwin was ambivalent on this topic. He feared its explosive potential to drive away liberal-minded Christians who might otherwise be supporters. His ambivalent wording created still more confusion, both among friends and foes, about what Darwin actually believed about the origin of life. A famous lecture by Thomas H. Huxley in 1870 set forth what later became the ‘party line’ Darwinian position on the subject.” In Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, Juli Peretó, Jeffrey L. Bada and Antonio Lazcano offer another analysis in “Charles Darwin and the Origin of Life”: “When Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species 150 years ago he consciously avoided discussing the origin of life. However, analysis of some other texts written by Darwin, and of the correspondence he exchanged with friends and colleagues demonstrates that he took for granted the possibility of a natural emergence of the first life forms. As shown by notes from the pages he excised from his private notebooks, as early as 1837 Darwin was convinced that “the intimate relation of Life with laws of chemical combination, & the universality of latter render spontaneous generation not improbable”. Like many of his contemporaries, Darwin rejected the idea that putrefaction of preexisting organic compounds could lead to the appearance of organisms. Although he favored the possibility that life could appear by natural processes from simple inorganic compounds, his reluctance to discuss the issue resulted from his recognition that at the time it was possible to undertake the experimental study of the emergence of life.”

A conference at the Wedgwood Museum: “THE WEDGWOODS AND THE DARWINS – THE MARRIAGE OF SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY”

PZ Myers live-blogged on Pharyngula talks given at Chicago’s big Darwin festival, Darwin/Chicago 2009. Science Life also has a piece about the conference.

From the August 24, 2009 issue of Significance, two Darwin articles: “Darwin, Mendel and the evolution of evolution” by R. Allan Reese: “The history of science is full of myths. Darwin has his fair share; but Gregor Mendel, his fellow scientist and contemporary, has suffered even more. R. Allan Reese disentangles what we like to believe about Mendel from what we should believe—and finds a modern species whose origin was not by conventional evolution;” and “Cousins: Charles Darwin, Sir Francis Galton and the birth of eugenics” by Nicholas W. Gillham: “Sir Francis Galton, scientist, African Explorer and statistician, was a key figure in statistical history. He was the man who devised the statistical concepts of regression and correlation. He was also Charles Darwin’s cousin. And, inspired by his reading of Darwin, he was the founder of eugenics: the “science” of improving the human race through selective breeding. Nicholas Gillham tells of a darker side to statistics and heredity.”Sir Francis Galton, scientist, African Explorer and statistician, was a key figure in statistical history. He was the man who devised the statistical concepts of regression and correlation. He was also Charles Darwin’s cousin. And, inspired by his reading of Darwin, he was the founder of eugenics: the “science” of improving the human race through selective breeding. Nicholas Gillham tells of a darker side to statistics and heredity.”

In Archives of Natural History of October 2009 is a short article, “Letters from Alfred Russel Wallace concerning the Darwin commemorations of 1909” by Henry A McGhie.

What’s New at Darwin Online

These were added to The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online between January 26 and March 23, 2009:

Darwin’s newly re-discovered student bills from Christ’s College, Cambridge

Darwin, C. R. 1876. Digest of evidence taken before the Royal Commission on the practice of subjecting live animals to experiments for scientific purposes: with an alphabetical list of witnesses. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office [Darwin’s evidence on p. 34]. Image Colour images courtesy of J. David Archibald.

Darwin C. R. Notebook N: [Metaphysics and expression (1838-1839)]. Text & image Text now available side-by-side with corrected images of the notebook.

Darwin, C. R. 1871. The descent of man. (from advance-sheets of Darwin’s new work.) Appletons’ Journal 5 (98) (11 February): 171-173. Image A newly recorded Darwin publication!

1881-1882. Last will and testament of Charles Robert Darwin. Text & Image YorkProbateSubRegistry

Darwin, C. R. 1890. Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited during the voyage of H.M.S. “Beagle” round the world. Under the command of Capt. Fitz Roy, R.N. With a biographical introduction [by G. T. Bettany]. 7th edn. London: Ward Lock (Minerva Library No. 1). Image PDF

Chancellor, Gordon. Introduction to South America. (1846)

Darwin, C. R. 1877. Des effets de la fécondation croisée et de la fécondation directe dans le règne végétalImage PDF New images courtesy of the Natural History Museum, London.

Lyell, C. 1835. Principles of geology: being an inquiry how far the former changes of the Earth’s surface are referable to causes now in operation. 3d edn. 4 vols. London: John Murray.
Vol. 1 Image PDF
Vol. 3 Image PDF

Notebook M: [Metaphysics on morals and speculations on expression (1838)]. Text Image Text now available side-by-side with corrected images of the notebook.

Four Spanish translations courtesy of the University of Seville:

Darwin, C. R. 1877. Origen de las especiesText Image PDF [Contains 2 letters from Darwin (in English & Spanish) not printed elsewhere]

Darwin, C. R. 1880. El origen del hombre: la seleccion natural y la sexual. Text Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. [c. 1902] La expressión de las emociones. Vol. 1 Image PDF

Darwin, C. R. 1921. Diaro del viaje de un naturalista alrededor del mundo.
Vol. 1 Image PDF
Vol. 2 Image PDF

Malthus, T. 1826. An essay on the principle of population. 6th edn.
Vol. 1. Text
Vol. 2. Text

Chancellor, Gordon and John van Wyhe. ‘Ladies, like mermaids’: An introduction to the Galapagos notebook

Darwin, C. R. 1873. Het uitdrukken der gemoedsaandoeningen bij den mensch en de dieren. [Expression of the emotions in Dutch] Trans. by H. Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen. The Hague: Joh. Ykema. Image PDF

“What’s New” at Darwin Online

These were added to The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online between January 15 and 19, 2009:

Barlow, N. 1932. Robert FitzRoy and Charles Darwin. Cornhill Magazine (April): 493-510. Text Image

Foote, G. W. 1889. Darwin on God. Image

Anon. 1887. Charles Darwin at Christ’s. Christ’s College Magazine October Term, pp. 17-27. Image

Darwin, Francis. 1914. [Obituary of] William Erasmus Darwin. Christ’s College Magazine 29: 16-23. Image

Shipley, A. E. [1924.] Charles Darwin (1809-1882). In Cambridge Cameos, pp. 118-147. Image

Census Returns of England and Wales. Entries relating to the Darwin family for 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881 and 1891.Text Image Text & image